What Is in a Heart Healthy Diet?

Component Importance and Benefits Examples of Foods
Fruits and Vegetables Provide essential vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants for heart health. Leafy greens, berries, citrus fruits, whole grains, beans, lentils, avocados
Whole Grains Rich in fiber, B vitamins, and antioxidants, which lower cholesterol and blood pressure. Whole wheat bread, brown rice, quinoa, oats, barley
Lean Protein Essential for muscle and cell repair. Choose lean and plant-based options to reduce saturated fat intake. Fish, chicken, beans, tofu, nuts, seeds
Healthy Fats Essential for cholesterol balance and heart health. Focus on monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Olive oil, avocados, nuts, seeds, salmon, tuna
Low Fat Dairy Provides protein, vitamins, and minerals with less saturated fat. Low-fat milk, cheese, plain yogurt, cottage cheese
Water Staying hydrated is crucial for heart health. Aim for 6-8 glasses a day and limit sugary drinks. Water, avoid soda and high-sugar juices
Limit Sodium Excessive sodium intake raises blood pressure. Aim for <2,300 mg/day and watch for hidden sodium in processed foods. Be mindful of sodium in prepared and packaged foods
Moderate Alcohol If consumed, do so in moderation to avoid raising blood pressure. Up to 1 drink/day for women, up to 2 drinks/day for men, avoid binge drinking
Lose Extra Weight Even a small weight loss can improve heart health. Consult a doctor for safe weight loss strategies. Consult with a doctor for personalized guidance


Eating a heart healthy diet is one of the most important things you can do to improve your heart health and reduce your risk of heart disease. A heart healthy diet focuses on eating foods that are good for your heart while limiting foods that are bad for your heart. The key components of a heart healthy diet include:

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables should make up a significant portion of your daily diet. Aim for 4-5 servings of fruits and 4-5 servings of vegetables every day. Fruits and veggies provide essential vitamins, minerals, fiber, and plant compounds that help protect your heart. Some particularly heart healthy options include leafy greens, berries, citrus fruits, whole grains, beans, lentils, and avocados.

Whole Grains

Whole grains provide important nutrients including fiber, B vitamins, and antioxidants. Fiber helps lower cholesterol and blood pressure. Aim for at least half your grains to be whole grains like whole wheat bread, brown rice, quinoa, oats, and barley. Limit refined grains like white bread, pastries, and crackers.

Lean Protein

Protein is essential for building and repairing muscles and cells. Choose lean and plant-based proteins like fish, chicken, beans, tofu, nuts, and seeds. Limit red meat and processed meats like bacon and sausage which are high in saturated fat.

Healthy Fats

Not all fats are bad! In fact, healthy fats are essential for balancing cholesterol and promoting heart health. Focus on monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in olive oil, avocados, nuts, seeds, and fatty fish like salmon and tuna. Limit saturated fats found in red meat, dairy, and fried foods. Avoid trans fats found in processed foods.

Low Fat Dairy

Dairy products that are low in fat provide protein, vitamins, and minerals. Choose low fat milk, cheese, plain yogurt, and cottage cheese. Those contain less saturated fat than whole milk dairy but still provide calcium for strong bones and muscles.


Staying hydrated is key for heart health, especially by drinking water. Aim for at least 6-8 glasses of water per day to stay hydrated. Limit sugary drinks like soda and juice which can raise blood sugar and triglyceride levels.

Limit Sodium

Eating too much sodium can cause high blood pressure, a major risk factor for heart disease. Try to limit sodium to no more than 2,300 mg per day. Be mindful of sodium in prepared, packaged, and restaurant foods which often contain high amounts of added salt.

Moderate Alcohol

If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. For healthy adults, that means up to 1 drink per day for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men. More than that can raise blood pressure. Avoid binge drinking which is hard on the heart.

Lose Extra Weight

If you are overweight or obese, losing even a small amount of weight can dramatically improve heart health. Consult your doctor about safe ways to lose weight through diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes. Even a 5-10% weight loss can make a big difference.

By focusing your diet on the pillars of fruits, veggies, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats, you can improve your heart health one bite at a time. Limit sodium, sugar, and unhealthy fats. Stay hydrated and aim for a healthy weight. Adopting heart healthy eating habits can help you live a longer, healthier life.



What are the key components of a heart-healthy diet?

A heart-healthy diet includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, healthy fats, low-fat dairy, and an emphasis on staying hydrated while limiting sodium, alcohol, and excess weight.

Why are fruits and vegetables important in a heart-healthy diet?

Fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants that support heart health by reducing the risk of heart disease and promoting overall well-being.

What is the significance of whole grains in heart health?

Whole grains contain fiber, B vitamins, and antioxidants that help lower cholesterol and blood pressure, making them essential in a heart-healthy diet.

How do healthy fats benefit heart health?

Healthy fats like monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats aid in balancing cholesterol levels and promoting heart health by reducing the risk of heart disease.

Why should sodium be limited in a heart-healthy diet?

Excess sodium intake can lead to high blood pressure, a major risk factor for heart disease. Limiting sodium helps maintain a healthy heart.

Can alcohol be a part of a heart-healthy diet?

Moderate alcohol consumption (up to 1 drink/day for women and 2 drinks/day for men) may have some cardiovascular benefits, but excessive alcohol intake can be harmful to the heart.

How does weight loss affect heart health?

Even a modest weight loss of 5-10% can significantly improve heart health by reducing the risk of heart disease, especially for individuals who are overweight or obese.


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